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Expressing an oxidative dehydrogenase gene in ethanologenic strain Zymomonas mobilis promotes the cellulosic ethanol fermentability

Yi, Xia, Gao, Qiuqiang, Bao, Jie
Journal of biotechnology 2019 v.303 pp. 1-7
Pseudomonas putida, Zymomonas mobilis, aldehyde dehydrogenase, aldehydes, bacteria, bioethanol, biotransformation, corn stover, ethanol, ethanol fermentation, gene expression regulation, genes, hydrolysates, lignocellulose, oxidative phosphorylation, viability, water solubility
Phenolic aldehydes from lignocellulose pretreatment harshly inhibit the viability and metabolism of ethanol fermenting strains. Direct conversion of phenolic aldehydes is usually incomplete due to their low water solubility and recalcitrance to bioconversion. Here we consolidated phenolic aldehydes bioconversion and ethanol fermentation in a typical ethanologenic bacterium Zymomonas mobilis by constructing an intracellular oxidative pathway. The gene PP_2680 encoding NAD+-dependent aldehyde dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas putida KT2440 was expressed in Z. mobilis ZM4. The expression significantly improved both aldehyde inhibitor conversion and ethanol fermentability in corn stover hydrolysate. The purified PP_2680 aldehyde dehydrogenase showed strong in vitro oxidative capacity on phenolic aldehydes and its in vivo expression significantly up-regulated the key genes in the ED pathway and the oxidative phosphorylation. This study provided an important concept of simultaneous biodetoxification and fermentation in ethanologenic strains for the improvement of ethanol fermentability.