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Modelling of emerging contaminant removal during heterogeneous catalytic ozonation using chemical kinetic approaches

Guo, Yang, Zhu, Shuai, Wang, Bin, Huang, Jun, Deng, Shubo, Yu, Gang, Wang, Yujue
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.380 pp. 120888
2,4-D, adsorption, catalysts, catalytic activity, clofibric acid, diclofenac, gemfibrozil, groundwater, hydroxyl radicals, ibuprofen, kinetics, manganese dioxide, models, oxidation, ozonation, ozone, prediction
This study evaluated the prediction of emerging contaminant (EC) removal during heterogeneous catalytic ozonation by chemical kinetic models. Six ECs with differing ozone reactivity were spiked in a synthetic water and a groundwater, then treated by conventional ozonation and heterogeneous catalytic ozonation with α- or β-MnO2 catalysts. Results show that catalysts did not considerably influence the removal of ECs with high and intermediate ozone reactivity (diclofenac, gemfibrozil, and bezafibrate), but enhanced the removal efficiencies of ECs with low ozone reactivity (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, clofibric acid, and ibuprofen) to varied extent (˜10–30%). The removal efficiencies of ECs could be reasonably predicted using chemical kinetic models based on the ozone (O3) and hydroxyl radical (OH) rate constants of ECs, pseudo-first-order rate constants observed for EC adsorption on the MnO2 catalysts, and O3 and OH exposures observed for catalytic ozonation. Furthermore, the model reveals that ECs are removed mainly by O3 and/or •OH oxidation during heterogeneous catalytic ozonation, while adsorption of ECs on catalysts contributes negligibly. Therefore, the removal efficiencies of ECs could be satisfactorily predicted using a simplified model based only on the O3 and OH rate constant and the O3 and OH exposures.