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Advanced control of NO emission from algal biomass combustion using loaded iron-based additives

Sun, Jin, Zhao, Bingtao, Su, Yaxin
Energy 2019 v.185 pp. 229-238
additives, algae, biomass, combustion, emissions, energy, iron, nitric oxide, temperature
It has become an important energy and environmental issue how to effectively reduce NOx emissions from algae biomass combustion. To achieve advanced control of NO emission from algae biomass combustion, three kinds of iron-based additives, including Fe, Fe2+ and Fe3+, were physicochemical-loaded onto different algal biomasses using the immersion method which is different from the conventional physical blending. The effects of iron-based additives on NO emission were examined for various combustion temperatures, additive agents, and additive concentrations. Results showed that the higher the temperature, the greater the NO emissions from algal biomass combustion. However, the iron-based additives were able to inhibit NO emission in this process. The percentage drops in NO emission levels observed were 5.79–51.22%, 12.50–63.41%, and 14.06–80.49% for Fe, Fe2+ and Fe3+ based on a 1% loading rate. The inhibitory effects of Fe2+ and Fe3+ were comparable but better than those of Fe. Increasing the concentration of the iron-based additive load had a significant inhibitory effect. These results may provide a positive reference for combustion-, co-firing- and reburning-based NOx control for energy utilization of algae biomass.