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Evaluation of two aneuploidy screening tests for chorionic villus samples: Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and fluorescence in situ hybridization

Wu, Tonghua, Zhu, Yuanchang, Hong, Ling, Lin, Qi, Chen, Chunmei, Yang, Jing, Ye, Lijun, Huang, Wensi, Zeng, Yong
Molecular and cellular probes 2019 v.46 pp. 101422
analytical methods, aneuploidy, chi-square distribution, chorion, chromosomes, cost effectiveness, fish, fluorescence in situ hybridization, karyotyping, polyploidy, pregnancy, screening
The vast majority of first-trimester pregnancy losses are the consequence of numerical aberrations in fetal chromosomes, which may involve nearly all chromosomes. Although commercial probes for all chromosomes are available for multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses, their use has rarely been reported for screening all 24 chromosomes for early fetal demise, especially by FISH. Here, we validated the ability of MLPA and FISH techniques as two low-cost aneuploidy screening methods for 24 chromosomes in 165 chorionic villus samples (CVSs). The results obtained by two methods were compared by the Chi-square test and the Kappa agreement test. Both methods gave conclusive results for all CVSs tested and showed highly consistent results (kappa = 0.890, p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between the aneuploidy rate of the CVSs tested by the two methods (p = 0.180). Most of the samples showed fully concordant molecular karyotyping results (81.21%) between the two analytical methods, 10.91% had incompletely concordant results, and 7.88% had discordant results. The inconsistencies included segmental abnormalities, mosaicism, and polyploidy. Both assays used to screen 24 chromosomes were powerful techniques for detecting aneuploidy in CVSs. In terms of cost-effectiveness and diagnostic accuracy, the combination of subtelomeric (P036, P070) and centromeric (P181) MLPA assays is the better analytic strategy and follow-up analysis by FISH is recommended for MLPA-negative samples.