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Numerical investigation of optimum operating conditions for syngas and hydrogen production from biomass gasification using Aspen Plus

Tavares, Raquel, Monteiro, Eliseu, Tabet, Fouzi, Rouboa, Abel
Renewable energy 2020 v.146 pp. 1309-1314
air, biomass, energy, gasification, heat, hydrogen, hydrogen production, model validation, plant residues, renewable energy sources, steam, synthesis gas, temperature
This study is dedicated to present a reliable numerical methodology using Aspen Plus process simulator capable of performing a sensibility analysis of the downdraft gasification of Portuguese forest residues. Effects of critical parameters, including gasification temperature and steam-to-biomass ratio (SBR) on composition of the produced gas are discussed. The sensibility analysis is conducted using Aspen Plus simulator incorporating Fortran subroutines. The model is validated by experimental data and found to be in good agreement. The results of the sensibility analysis performed using air as gasification agent indicate that higher temperatures are favourable for a produced gas with higher hydrogen content and heating value. The simulation results also demonstrate that the use of steam as gasification agent allows increasing the hydrogen content and heating value of the produced gas in comparison to the use of air as gasifying agent. The knowledge of this data is decisive to the development of projects concerning the use of Portuguese forest residues as energy source.