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Peracetic acid fate and decomposition in poultry processing wastewater streams

Chen, Jinchen, Pavlostathis, Spyros G.
Bioresource technology reports 2019 v.7 pp. 100285
acetic acid, air, biological treatment, chemical oxygen demand, industry, pH, peracetic acid, poultry, temperature, wastewater, wastewater treatment
Peracetic acid (PAA) has been increasingly used by the poultry processing industry. However, information related to the potential PAA carryover to and effect on biological treatment processes, commonly used in poultry processing wastewater treatment, is limited. The objectives of this work were to assess the fate of PAA in poultry processing wastewater streams, investigate dominant factors contributing to PAA decomposition, and identify major PAA decomposition products. PAA was detected in chiller overflow and in the dissolved air flotation (DAF) unit influent and effluent only at the end of the processing shift. The PAA decomposition rate correlated positively with pH, temperature, wastewater strength and organic content, and negatively with initial PAA concentration. PAA decomposition followed one-step (pH ≥ 6) or two-step (pH < 6) pseudo-first order kinetics. Decomposed PAA in DAF effluent resulted in equimolar production of acetic acid. A decrease in DAF effluent COD was observed under high PAA doses.