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Fabrication of Wettability Mesh with Quasi-Rectangular-Restraining Capacity to Water

Liu, Ziai, Zheng, Huanxi, Zhang, Heng, Han, Yuqi, Chen, Yang, Huang, Liu, Wang, Xuyue, Liu, Xin, Yang, Xiaolong
Langmuir 2019 v.35 no.28 pp. 9177-9183
X-ray diffraction, chemical composition, droplets, durability, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, porous media, scanning electron microscopy, surface tension, vibration, wettability
A water droplet placed on a surface is usually round owing to surface tension. Restraining a droplet to a rectangle shape has been rarely reported. Herein, we fabricated three meshes with diverse wettability including ordinary mesh, superhydropilic mesh, and quasi-rectangular-restraining mesh. The profiles of water droplets on these three meshes were entirely different from the top view, especially for the quasi-rectangular-restraining mesh, which enables the water droplet on it to achieve the rectangular shape. The surface morphologies and chemical compositions of the meshes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Moreover, the influences of processing parameters of the quasi-rectangular-restraining mesh on the quasi-rectangular quality of the water droplet on it were investigated to obtain the relatively optimum processing parameters. The dynamic properties of water droplets on the three meshes were compared, and forces acting on the water droplets during the spreading and shrinking processes on the three meshes were qualitatively analyzed. Additionally, we studied the influences of falling height and water volume on the quasi-rectangular quality of the water droplet on the quasi-rectangular-restraining mesh. Water droplets on the quasi-rectangular-restraining mesh demonstrated good stability under vibration and the droplet could maintain the quasi-rectangular quality on the quasi-rectangular-restraining mesh for about 7 days, revealing a good durability. Further, the large-scaled fabrication of the quasi-rectangular-restraining mesh was realized.