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Frequency-dependent viscoelastic properties of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) under hygrothermal conditions. Part 2: moisture desorption

Zhan, Tianyi, Jiang, Jiali, Lu, Jianxiong, Zhang, Yaoli, Chang, Jianmin
Holzforschung 2019 v.73 no.8 pp. 737-746
Cunninghamia lanceolata, desorption, polymers, relative humidity, temperature, viscoelasticity, water content, wood
The frequency-dependent viscoelasticity of Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) during moisture desorption was investigated and the applicability of the time-moisture superposition (TMS) relation on wood stiffness and damping during the moisture desorption was verified. The hygrothermal conditions for the moisture desorption were set up as six constant temperatures ranging from 30 to 80°C and three relative humidity (RH) levels at 0, 30 and 60%. Due to the elimination of water during the moisture desorption, the stiffness of the Chinese fir increased, whereas the damping decreased. With the increase in frequency, increased stiffness and decreased damping were observed. Utilizing the TMS relation, it was possible to construct master curves of wood stiffness at temperatures ranging from 30 to 80°C. The linear relationship between the shift factor and the moisture content (MC) manifested a low intermolecular cooperativity between the polymers and a narrow relaxation window. However, the TMS relation was not able to predict the wood damping properties during the moisture desorption, because wood is a multi-relaxation system. The non-proportional relationship between the free volume and MC during the moisture desorption may also explain why the TMS relation failed to construct master curves of the wood damping properties.