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The Effects of Cold Plasma Application on Quality and Chemical Spoilage of Pacific White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) during Refrigerated Storage

Zouelm, Fatemeh, Abhari, Khadijeh, Hosseini, Hedayat, Khani, Mohamadreza
Journal of aquatic food product technology 2019 v.28 no.6 pp. 624-636
Litopenaeus vannamei, aquaculture, catechol oxidase, cold, cold storage, enzyme activity, fluorescent substances, free fatty acids, melanosis, pH, peroxide value, postmortem changes, shelf life, shrimp, spoilage, storage time, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, total volatile basic nitrogen
Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) is an important species in aquaculture worldwide. Post-mortem changes during cold storage reduce the quality of shrimp and shorten its shelf life. Cold plasma (CP) was applied for 45, 90, and 150s as T₁, T₂, and T₃, respectively, to fresh harvested shrimp. The biochemical parameters and melanosis were analyzed in comparison to metabisulphite treated (TM) and control during 12 days of refrigerated storage. The results highlighted lower rate of increase in pH, total volatile base nitrogen (TVB-N) content, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), free fatty acid (FFA), peroxide value (PV), and fluorescent compounds (FC) in shrimp exposed to CP and metabisulphite compared to control (P < 0.05). Although CP lowered biochemical changes in T₁ and T₃ shrimp, T₂ was the most effective treatment in reducing undesirable changes and improving quality of shrimp. In all storage periods, melanosis was significantly lower in T₂, T₃, and TM samples. Results demonstrate that CP exposure effectively decreases relative activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) enzyme, and prolonging the exposure to CP for 150 s resulted in 50% reduction in enzyme activity. We conclude that application of CP for 90 s was the most efficient circumstance to extend shelf life of white shrimp during cold storage.