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Evaluation of HYDRUS-1D and modified PRZM-3 models for tribenuron methyl herbicide transport in soil profile under vetiver cultivation

Noshadi, Masoud, Foroutani, Azadeh, Sepaskhah, Alireza
International journal of phytoremediation 2019 v.21 no.9 pp. 878-891
Chrysopogon zizanioides, herbicide residues, models, phytoremediation, phytotoxicity, pollution, prediction, soil depth, soil profiles, tribenuron, weed control
Tribenuron methyl (TBM) is widely used in weed control. Due to its phytotoxicity, concerns on TBM pollution to soil have been raised. In this research, TBM concentration in the soil profile and vetiver grass were measured and simulated using HYDRUS-1D and modified PRZM-3 models. The treatments were two herbicide concentrations to soil with vetiver (C₁V and C₂V) and without vetiver (C₁S and C₂S). In control treatment (Cₒ) no herbicide was applied to the soil. In general, according to the measured data, TBM soil residues in C₁V and C₂V treatments were 39.8% and 30.1% lower than that obtained in C₁S and C₂S treatments, respectively. The TBM was leached to 90 cm soil depth and it was limited to about 50 cm in the treatments with vetiver grass. The simulated herbicide residue in the soil profile in modified PRZM-3 model was more accurate than the HYDRUS-1D model. The dissipation processes of herbicides in soil and solving method of water movement in soil, considered in the modified PRZM-3 model, are more precise than that obtained in the HYDRUS-1D model. However, the prediction of TBM uptake by vetiver in the HYDRUS-1D model was closer to the measured values than that obtained in the modified PRZM-3 model.