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Cold‐pressed Canola Oil Reduces Hepatic Steatosis by Modulating Oxidative Stress and Lipid Metabolism in KM Mice Compared with Refined Bleached Deodorized Canola Oil

Zhou, Ying‐Jun, Chang, Ya‐Ning, You, Jia‐Qi, Li, Sui‐Zi, Zhuang, Wei, Cao, Cheng‐Jia
Journal of food science 2019 v.84 no.7 pp. 1900-1908
acetyl-CoA carboxylase, bioactive compounds, blood lipids, blood serum, canola oil, cholesterol, coenzyme A, cooking fats and oils, cytokines, deodorization, diet, fatty liver, fatty-acid synthase, hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, lipid composition, lipid metabolism, liver, mice, obesity, oxidative stress, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha, phospholipids, phytosterols, saturated fatty acids, tocopherols, unsaturated fatty acids, vacuoles
The quality of canola oil is affected by different extraction methods. The effect of cold‐pressed canola oil (CPCO) diet and traditional refined bleached deodorized canola oil (RBDCO) diet on lipid accumulation and hepatic steatosis in mice were investigated. The body weight, peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptor‐α concentration, serum lipid profile, insulin sensitivity, and oxidative stress were increased in mice fed with CPCO diet, which had higher unsaturated fatty acid, tocopherols, phytosterols, and phospholipids but lower saturated fatty acid than RBDCO, after 12 weeks,. Moreover, CPCO significantly increased tocopherols and phytosterols content in liver and reduced liver cholesterol contents and lipid vacuoles accumulation than RBDCO. Also, serum proinflammatory cytokines, 3‐hydroxy‐3‐methylglutary coenzyme A reductase expression level, lipogenic enzymes, and transcriptional factors such as sterol regulatory element‐binding proteins 1c, acetyl‐CoA carboxylase, and fatty acid synthase in the liver were also markedly downregulated from CPCO diet mice. Overall, CPCO can reduce lipid accumulation and hepatic steatosis by regulating oxidative stress and lipid metabolism in Kun Ming mice compared with RBDCO. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The results suggested that more bioactive components were contained in cold‐pressed canola oil (CPCO) rather than refined bleached deodorized canola oil (RBDCO). CPCO could lower the risk of obesity and hyperlipidemia, reduce lipid accumulation, and prevent hepatic steatosis. It could be considered as a kind of better edible oil than RBDCO.