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Influence of Flooding, Salinization, and Soil Properties on Degradation of Chlorantraniliprole in California Rice Field Soils

Redman, Zachary C., Parikh, Sanjai J., Hengel, Mathew J., Tjeerdema, Ronald S.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2019 v.67 no.29 pp. 8130-8137
Oryza sativa, anaerobic conditions, autoclaving, bioavailability, crop production, growing season, manganese oxides, paddies, paddy soils, rice, salinity, soil properties, California
Chlorantraniliprole (3-bromo-N-[4-chloro-2-methyl-6-(methylcarbamoyl)phenyl]-1-(3-chloro-2-pyridine-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; CAP) was granted supplemental registration for use in rice cultivation in California through December, 2018. Previous work investigated the partitioning of CAP in California rice field soils; however, its degradation in soils under conditions relevant to California rice culture has not been investigated. The degradation of CAP in soils from two California rice fields was examined under aerobic and anaerobic conditions with varying salinity via microcosm experiments. Results indicate that soil properties governing bioavailability may have a greater influence on degradation than flooding practices or field salinization over a typical growing season. Differences between native and autoclaved soils (t₁/₂ = 59.0–100.2 and 78.5–171.7 days) suggest that biological processes were primarily responsible for CAP degradation; however, future work should be done to confirm specific biotic processes as well as to elucidate abiotic processes, such as degradation via manganese oxides and formation of nonextractable residues, which may contribute to its dissipation.