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One-step synthesis of flower-like Bi₂O₃/Bi₂Se₃ nanoarchitectures and NiCoSe₂/Ni₀.₈₅Se nanoparticles with appealing rate capability for the construction of high-energy and long-cycle-life asymmetric aqueous batteries

Meng, Alan, Yuan, Xiangcheng, Shen, Tong, Li, Zhenjiang, Jiang, Qingyan, Xue, Hongyao, Lin, Yusheng, Zhao, Jian
Journal of materials chemistry A 2019 v.7 no.29 pp. 17613-17625
batteries, electrochemistry, electrodes, energy, energy density, longevity, nanoflowers, nanoparticles, selenides
The intelligent construction of electrode nanostructures with unique morphologies is of admirable importance for increasing the energy storage capacity of highly efficient supercapacitor devices. In this study, the negative electrode material Bi₂O₃/Bi₂Se₃ nanoflower (Bi₂O₃/Bi₂Se₃ NFs) hybrid was first fabricated via a simple one-step solvothermal approach; due to the favorable conductivity of Bi₂Se₃, high theoretical capacity of Bi₂O₃ and their distinctive nanostructures, the achieved Bi₂O₃/Bi₂Se₃ NFs exhibited the maximum specific capacity of 132.7 mA h g⁻¹ (∼531 F g⁻¹) at 1 A g⁻¹ and the superior rate capability of 113.8 mA h g⁻¹ (∼455 F g⁻¹) at 10 A g⁻¹. Moreover, the positive electrode material NiCoSe₂/Ni₀.₈₅Se nanoparticles (NiCoSe₂/Ni₀.₈₅Se NPs) obtained by an electrodeposition method delivered the high specific capacity of 248.4 mA h g⁻¹ (∼1788 F g⁻¹) at 1 A g⁻¹ as well as the appealing rate property of ∼84% capacity retention when the current density was increased by 100 times (i.e., 100 A g⁻¹). More significantly, it was found that the assembled Bi₂O₃/Bi₂Se₃ NFs//NiCoSe₂/Ni₀.₈₅Se NP asymmetric aqueous battery (AAB) device achieved the extraordinary energy density of 88.4 W h kg⁻¹ at the power density of 2.4 kW kg⁻¹ along with a durable lifespan (maintaining the capacity retention of up to 91.5% even after 10 000 cycles). Consequently, the design strategy and novel perspectives reported herein not only hold extensive promise for expanding the preparation techniques of morphology-controlled composites with robust electrochemical properties but also promote the practical applications of newly emerging metal selenides in next-generation aqueous batteries.