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17-DMAG, an Hsp90 inhibitor, ameliorates ovariectomy-induced obesity in rats

Tsai, Yung-Chieh, Leu, Sy-Ying, Chen, Shu-Ying, Kung, Ching-Wen, Lee, Yen-Mei, Liu, Yia-Ping, Yen, Mao-Hsiung, Cheng, Pao-Yun
Life sciences 2019 v.232 pp. 116672
adverse effects, drugs, food intake, heat-shock protein 90, locomotion, metabolic diseases, obesity, phosphorylation, postmenopause, protein synthesis, rats, surgery, triacylglycerols, weight gain, white adipose tissue, women
Obesity is not only associated with metabolic diseases but is also a symptom of menopause in women. To date, there are no effective drugs for the management of obesity, and it is important to find new agents with fewer side effects, for the treatment of obesity. This study aimed to determine the anti-obesity effect of 17-dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG), a heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitor, and its underlying mechanism in rats with ovariectomy-induced obesity.Ovariectomy (Ovx) rats were treated with 17-DMAG (1 mg kg−1, intraperitoneally) for eight weeks from one week after surgery. The body weight, food intake, locomotor activity, adipogenic- and autophagy-related protein expression in white adipose tissue (WAT) and plasma triglyceride (TG) levels were measured in sham and Ovx rats.Compared with sham rats, Ovx rats showed increased weight gain, food intake, WAT mass, TG levels, adipogenic protein expression, and decreased locomotor activity. Furthermore, autophagy-related proteins and Foxo3a of WAT were significantly increased in Ovx rats. However, with the exclusion of increased food intake, the changes induced by Ovx were all reversed in 17-DMAG-treated Ovx rats. In addition, the expression of Hsp70 and phosphorylation of Akt increased in 17-DMAG-treated Ovx rats.These results suggest that 17-DMAG significantly ameliorated obesity induced by Ovx, and this phenomenon is accompanied by the downregulation of adipogenic-related and autophagy-related proteins as well as the upregulation of Akt-phosphorylation and Hsp70 expression. Therefore, 17-DMAG may be a potential agent for preventing or treating obesity in postmenopausal women.