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Application of economic plant for remediation of cadmium contaminated soils: Three mulberry (Moms alba L.) varieties cultivated in two polluted fields
- Lei, Ming, Pan, Yuqi, Chen, Congying, Du, Huihui, Tie, Baiqing, Yan, Xinpei, Huang, Renzhi
- Chemosphere 2019 v.236 pp. 124379
- aerial parts, branches, cadmium, cocoons, heavy metals, leaves, mulberries, plant density, planting density, polluted soils, remediation, risk, roots, silkworms, soil pollution, textile industry, China
- In order to study the role of mulberry (Moms alba L) as an economic crop for remediation of cadmium (Cd) contaminated soil, the transport of Cd from mulberry to silkworm were investigated. Three varieties of mulberry (Yuesang-11, Nongsang-14, and Qiangsang-1) with three planting densities were cultivated in two heavy metal-contaminated fields named Dongkou in Shaoyang city and Linxiang in Yueyang city in Hunan province respectively. The both field soils were contaminated by heavy metals, especially by Cd. The potential risks of heavy metals in Linxiang's soil were higher than those in Dongkou's because of higher concentrations of Cd. Since the promotion of Cd concentrations in aerial parts (stem, branch and leaf) resulted from the increase of planting density, the method of high planting density is beneficial to improve the efficiency of the remediation of Cd contaminated soil. The percentages of average Cd contents of mulberry in Dongkou accounted for 44%, 20%, 18% and 16% in roots, stems, branches and leaves respectively, while the Cd contents were 38%, 27%, 19% and 16% distributed in roots, stems, branches and leaves respectively. Mulberry leaves from contaminated soils was applied in food source of silkworms in this study. Although there is Cd uptake occurred in silkworm growth and its products (cocoons and chrysalis), Cd contents in cocoons are lower than the national standard (100 μg*kg-1) for textile industry of China. Therefore, mulberry can be regarded as an economical crop to control soil contamination with Cd.