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Oxidative stress induction by the invasive sponge Paraleucilla magna growing on Peyssonnelia squamaria algae

Guzzetti, Eleonora, Salabery, Eduardo, Ferriol, Pere, Díaz, Julio A., Tejada, Silvia, Faggio, Caterina, Sureda, Antoni
Marine environmental research 2019 v.150 pp. 104763
Peyssonnelia, adverse effects, algae, antioxidant activity, antioxidant enzymes, biomarkers, catalase, enzyme activity, epiphytes, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione transferase, glutathione-disulfide reductase, invasive species, malondialdehyde, oxidative stress, polyphenols, superoxide dismutase
The introduction of invasive species can lead to significant adverse effects on the colonized areas. The aim of the present research was to determine if the invasive behavior of Paraleucilla magna could induce the activation of the antioxidant defences in the native red algae, Peyssonnelia squamaria. Individuals of isolated P. squamaria and individuals epiphytized by P. magna, both growing on rocky bottoms, were collected. The activity of the antioxidant enzymes - catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase – and the levels of the malondialdehyde were significantly higher in the algae of the epiphytic group compared to the control group, while the detoxifying enzyme glutathione S-transferase did not show significant differences. The levels of reduced glutathione and total polyphenols were higher in the algae affected by the sponge. In conclusion, the arrival of the species P. magna induces an adaptative antioxidant response in P. squamaria determined by the use of biomarkers.