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An Efficient Method for Water Treatment of Artificial Ponds in Jordan Valley Based on Photovoltaic Pumping System

Khatib, Tamer, Qalalweh, Sora, Ameerah, Raghad, Warad, Ismail
Agriculture (Basel) 2019 v.9 no.7
algae, chemical oxygen demand, farmers, politics, ponds, solar collectors, water distribution, water treatment, Jordan
Jordan Valley area suffers from a lack of water because of the current political situation. Therefore, water distribution is being done on a periodic basis and farmers need to store water in artificial ponds on site so as to be able to irrigate their field during the anonymous days that water is not available from the main supply. However, artificial ponds may affect the environment negatively due to the plants that live in it such as algae, which attracts mosquitos and causes a bad smell. Thus, in this paper, a simple and low-cost photovoltaic based pumping system is proposed to inject a chemical material in the water of the artificial pond to get rid of algae. The proposed system consists of a pump that is powered by a photovoltaic module and pumps the proposed chemical material in the artificial pond using a rotary nozzle that is fixed on a pipe around the ponds. The system is affordable and reduces the production of the unwanted plants. As a result, the proposed system reduces chemical oxygen demand value, which is considered the main cause of algae blooming, from 7200 mg/L to 95 mg/L. The proposed product is powered by a 50 W foldable solar panel and it costs about 213 USD.