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Assessment of Stability and Adaptation Patterns of White Sugar Yield from Sugar Beet Cultivars in Temperate Climate Environments

Studnicki, Marcin, Lenartowicz, Tomasz, Noras, Kinga, Wójcik-Gront, Elżbieta, Wyszyński, Zdzisław
Agronomy 2019 v.9 no.7
Beta vulgaris, compliance, crop management, cultivars, environmental factors, genotype, genotype-environment interaction, growing season, sugar beet, sugars, temperate zones, white sugar
The yield and yield quality of sugar from the sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) and are determined by genotype, environment and crop management. This study was aimed at analyzing the stability of white sugar yield and the adaptation of cultivars based on 36 modern sugar beet cultivars under different environmental conditions. The compatibility of sugar beet cultivars’ rankings between the three growing seasons and between the 11 examined locations was assessed. In addition, an attempt was made to group environments to create mega-environments. From among the 11 examined locations, four mega-environments were distinguished on the basis of the compatibility of the white sugar yield rankings. The assessment of the adaptation of cultivars and the determination of mega-environments was carried out using GGE (genotype main effects plus genotype environment interaction effects) biplots and confirmed by the Spearman rank correlation test performed for cultivars between locations. The cultivars studied were characterized by a high stability of white sugar yield in the considered growing seasons. The high compliance of the sugar yield rankings between the years contributes to a more effective recommendation of cultivars.