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Long-term water-sediment multi-objectives regulation of cascade reservoirs: A case study in the Upper Yellow River, China

Jin, Wenting, Chang, Jianxia, Wang, Yimin, Bai, Tao
Journal of hydrology 2019 pp. 123978
algorithms, case studies, flood control, governance, models, power generation, rivers, sediment deposition, sediment transport, sediments, socioeconomics, water power, water supply, China, Mongolia, Yellow River
Water-sediment regulation (WSR) is an effective non-engineering measure to alleviate the problem of suspended river and bring benefit to flood control security in sediment-laden river. However, WSR may decrease the socio-economic benefit of reservoirs, for example, reduction of hydropower production and water supply. In order to satisfy the practical requirement of WSR and other utilization objectives, this paper presents a multi-objective operation model for a cascade reservoirs simultaneously considering the maximization water volume for WSR and power generation and water supply, as well as various complex constraints. Then, the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) is improved to solve the aforementioned model and key control indicators of WSR are analyzed. Meanwhile, a sediment transport model has been introduced to quantify the effect of WSR. The models are applied to the cascade reservoirs in the Upper Yellow River. The following conclusion can be drawn from results (1) Pareto fronts of the model solution demonstrate a strong competition between WSR and water supply, water supply and power generation, a low sensitivity between WSR and power generation; (2) the ability of WSR in Upper Yellow River is 6 times in 24 years, which means the frequency of WSR is four years averagely; (3) 233.77 million tons of sediments are transported by long-term WSR in the Ningxia-Inner Mongolia reaches, account for 19.10% of sediment deposition; (4) the risk-free conditions of LYX and LJX reservoirs’ water volume for WSR are 137.42×108 m3 and 41.08×108 m3, respectively, which could be used as a reference in actual operation. The research results have an important practical significance and application for sediment control and governance of suspended river, and the multi-objective operation model of WSR proposed in this study can be effectively and suitably used in sediment regulation with similar conditions.