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Changes of vegetation carbon sequestration in the tableland of Loess Plateau and its influencing factors

Zhang, Jie, Liu, Mengyun, Zhang, Mengmeng, Yang, Jinghan, Cao, Runshan, Malhi, Sukhdev S.
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.22 pp. 22160-22172
carbon sequestration, ecological restoration, environmental impact, forests, landscapes, meteorology, models, net ecosystem production, soil, China
The variations of vegetation carbon sequestration have become a gauge for evaluating the ecological effect of vegetation restoration. In this study, the spatiotemporal patterns of the net ecosystem production (NEP) were simulated using an improved CASA model and GSMSR model. It showed that the NEP markedly increased in the tableland of Loess Plateau during 2003–2012, with an annual average growth of 3.65 g C·m⁻² a⁻¹. The mixed broadleaf-conifer forest ranked first (127.23 g C·m⁻² a⁻¹) while the bare land and sparse vegetation presented the lowest carbon sequestration (14.64 g C·m⁻² a⁻¹). The NEP manifested a significantly uneven overall spatial distribution: high in the southwest and low in the northeast. The spatial variations of NEP resulted from the combined effects of geographic position, terrain, meteorology, and soil and vegetation, respectively. Quantitative isolation revealed that the most dominant factor of vegetation carbon sequestration was soil and vegetation, while terrain exerted insignificant impacts on the NEP.