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Evaluating the performance of four different heuristic approaches with Gamma test for daily suspended sediment concentration modeling

Malik, Anurag, Kumar, Anil, Kisi, Ozgur, Shiri, Jalal
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.22 pp. 22670-22687
aquatic habitat, basins, models, prediction, regression analysis, rivers, sediments, stream channels, suspended sediment, water quality, watersheds, India
Accurate prediction of suspended sediment concentration (SSC) carried by a river or watershed basin is essential for understanding the hydrology of basin in terms of water quality, river bed sustainability and aquatic habitats. In this study, four heuristic methods, namely, radial basis neural network (RBNN), self-organizing map neural network (SOMNN), least square support vector regression (LSSVR), and multivariate adaptive regression spline (MARS) were employed for daily SSC modeling at Ashti, Bamini, and Tekra stations located in Godavari River basin, Andhra Pradesh, India. The Gamma test (GT) was utilized for identifying the most significant input variables for the applied heuristic approaches. The results obtained by RBNN, SOMNN, LSSVR, and MARS models were compared with those of the traditional sediment rating curve (SRC). The performance of the models was evaluated based on the root mean square error (RMSE), coefficient of efficiency (COE), Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC), Willmott index (WI), and pooled average relative error (PARE) indices, as well as the visual inspection using line diagram, scatter diagram, and Taylor diagram (TD). The results of comparison revealed that the four heuristic methods gave higher accuracy than the SRC model. Among the heuristic models, the RBNN-3 (RMSE = 0.045, 0.062, 0.131 g/l; COE = 0.884, 0.883, 0.914; PCC = 0.955, 0.961, 0.958; and WI = 0.970, 0.963, 0.976) outperformed the other models in simulating daily SSC records in the studied stations.