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Effects of soil compaction on plant growth, nutrient absorption, and root respiration in soybean seedlings
- Wang, Meijiao, He, Ding, Shen, Fei, Huang, Jialing, Zhang, Rutao, Liu, Wenbo, Zhu, Mengjue, Zhou, Li, Wang, Lihong, Zhou, Qing
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.22 pp. 22835-22845
- absorption, calcium, copper, cytochrome-c oxidase, iron, isocitrate dehydrogenase, magnesium, manganese, nutrient uptake, phosphofructokinases, plant development, plant growth, plant root cells, potassium, pyruvate kinase, roots, seedlings, soil compaction, soybeans, zinc
- Soil compaction is a major environmental problem that affects plant growth and development. In this study, to further our understanding of its negative effects on plant growth, we investigated the effects of soil compaction on the growth, mineral absorption, and activities of key respiratory enzymes in soybean seedlings. We found that moderate-level soil compaction increased the activities of pyruvate kinase and phosphofructokinase in soybean seedling roots, enhancing the accumulation of P, K, Mg, Ca, and other elements. These accumulated elements, particularly Ca, increased the number of fibrous upper roots, but reduced root length and inhibited plant growth. High-level soil compaction inhibited the accumulation of P, K, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn and increased the accumulation of Ca via decreasing the activities of isocitrate dehydrogenase and cytochrome c oxidase. These effects led to a decreased root cell size, blurred root cell boundaries, and the inhibition of plant growth. Taken together, our results provide a new insight into the mechanisms by which soil compaction inhibits plant growth.