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Levels of infection of intestinal helminth species in the golden jackal Canis aureus from Serbia

Ćirović, D., Pavlović, I., Penezić, A., Kulišić, Z., Selaković, S.
Journal of helminthology 2015 v.89 no.1 pp. 28-33
Alaria alata, Ancylostoma caninum, Canis aureus, Dipylidium caninum, Gongylonema, Mesocestoides, Taenia hydatigena, Taenia multiceps, Taenia pisiformis, Toxocara canis, females, helminths, hosts, humans, intestines, jackals, males, monitoring, parasitoses, population growth, Serbia
During the past decade, golden jackal populations have substantially increased, yet little is known of their potential for transmitting parasites within animal and human hosts. In the present study, between 2005 and 2010, 447 jackals from six localities in Serbia were examined for intestinal parasites. Two species of trematodes (Alaria alata, Pseudamphistomum truncatum), three nematodes (Toxocara canis, Ancylostoma caninum, Gongylonema sp.), and seven cestodes (Taenia pisiformis, Taenia hydatigena, Multiceps multiceps, Multiceps serialis, Mesocestoides lineatus, Mesocestoides litteratus, Dipylidium caninum) were identified. Pseudamphistomum truncatum and M. serialis species were recorded for the first time. The overall prevalence of parasitic infection was 10.3%. No significant differences were found in the prevalence of infection between males and females (P>0.817), between localities (P>0.502), or with regard to annual cycles (P>0.502). In the infected jackal population, 65% harboured multiple infections and one individual was a host to five different types of parasite species, the highest number of parasites we recorded in a single host. These findings indicate that although the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths in the jackal population in Serbia is significantly lower than expected from earlier studies, further monitoring is required given the jackal's rapid population increase.