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Establishment of suitable separation distance by using different methods for malodor mitigation from palm oil mill

Yaacof, Nurashikin, Qamaruz Zaman, Nastaein, Yusup, Yusri, Yusoff, Syafinah
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.23 pp. 24286-24299
exports, milling, models, monitoring, off odors, oil mill effluents, olfactometers, palm oil mills, palm oils, Malaysia
Malaysia is the second-largest producer and exporter of palm oil amounting to 39% of world palm oil production and 44% of world exports (MPOB, 2014). An enormous amount of palm oil mill effluent is released during palm oil milling, and the effluent causes a major odor problem. Many methods, such as biofiltering, can be adopted to manage the malodor. However, these methods are expensive and require high maintenance. The separation distance method can be used as an alternative due to its low cost and effectiveness. This research was conducted to verify the performance of three different methods, namely, in-field monitoring by using an olfactometer, CALPUFF model, and Gaussian plume model. Given that no research has compared the three methods, this study examined the effectiveness of the methods and determined which among them is suitable for use in Malaysia. The appropriate separation distances were 1.3 km for in-field monitoring, 1.2 km for the CALPUFF model, and 0.5 for the Gaussian plume model. These different values of separation distance were due to the various approaches involved in each method. This research determined an appropriate means to establish a proper separation distance for reducing odor nuisance in areas around palm oil mills.