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A novel superparamagnetic micro-nano-bio-adsorbent PDA/Fe3O4/BC for removal of hexavalent chromium ions from simulated and electroplating wastewater

Author:
Li, Lincheng, Zhong, Dengjie, Xu, Yunlan, Zhong, Nianbing
Source:
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.23 pp. 23981-23993
ISSN:
0944-1344
Subject:
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, activation energy, adsorbents, adsorption, biochar, chromium, endothermy, ions, iron oxides, kinetics, moieties, pollutants, scanning electron microscopes, scanning electron microscopy, surface area, wastewater
Abstract:
In order to improve the adsorption efficiency of the adsorbent and solve the problem of separation difficulty, a novel superparamagnetic micro-nano-bio-adsorbent (PDA/Fe₃O₄/BC) was prepared by in situ self-assembly of polydopamine (PDA). The results of scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) characterization showed that the size of bio-adsorbent was about 200 nm. PDA and Fe₃O₄ modifications increased the specific surface area of adsorbent, changed the surface functional group of biochar (BC), and made the adsorbent have super-high magnetization (294.76 emu g⁻¹). PDA/Fe₃O₄/BC was applied to treat Cr wastewater. The results show that the adsorption of Cr by PDA/Fe₃O₄/BC includes single-layer and multilayer adsorption. The adsorption follows the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption is spontaneous and endothermic, and its maximum adsorption capacity and activation energy are 25.25 mg g⁻¹ at 318 K and 23.108 kJ mol⁻¹, respectively. After adsorption treatment, PDA/Fe₃O₄/BC still possesses high magnetization (233.04 emu g⁻¹). PDA/Fe₃O₄/BC can treat actual electroplating wastewater with Cr(VI) concentration from 20 mg L⁻¹ to less than 0.2 mg L⁻¹, which met the PRC discharge standard (GB/21900-2008) of electroplating pollutants. Graphical abstract
Agid:
6551698