Main content area

Three previous recorded species of Dactylogyrus Diesing, 1850 (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) infecting cultured Carassius auratus in southern Brazil

Tancredo, Karen R., Martins, Maurício L.
Journal of parasitic diseases 2019 v.43 no.3 pp. 522-527
Carassius auratus, Dactylogyrus, fish farms, geographical distribution, gills, goldfish, males, ornamental fish, parasitoses, Brazil
The present study aimed to contribute to the monogenean dactylogyrids that occur in C. auratus from an ornamental fish farm in southern Brazil. Samples of goldfish were obtained from a fish farm and the gills were removed and analysed to identify the species of Dactylogyrus to determine the levels of infestation. Three species of Dactylogyrus were found in the gills: Dactylogyrus anchoratus, Dactylogyrus baueri and Dactylogyrus formosus. The most prevalent species was D. baueri [prevalence (P) = 70%, mean intensity (MI) = 2.14 ± 1.21, mean abundance (MA) = 1.5 ± 1.43], followed by D. anchoratus (P = 60%, MI = 1.67 ± 0.81, MA = 1.00 ± 1.05) and D. formosus (P = 30%, MI = 1.66 ± 1.15, MA = 0.5 ± 1.64). Dactylogyrus anchoratus shares morphological characteristics with D. arcuatus by the similarity in shape of the haptor parts. Dactylogyrus baueri shows similarity to D. dulkeiti in relation to the pair of anchors and accessory piece of the male copulatory complex. Dactylogyrus formosus presents an accessory piece with branch and total length of the anchors smaller than D. anchoratus. This study reports the occurrence of D. anchoratus, D. baueri and D. formosus in goldfish cultured in southern Brazil. These monogenean species have been described in cyprinid fishes that have a wide geographic distribution with the result of the dissemination of the host in the world.