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The soluble fraction of Neospora caninum treated with PI-PLC is dominated by NcSRS29B and NcSRS29C

Bezerra, Marcos Alexandre, Pereira, Luiz Miguel, Baroni, Luciana, Yatsuda, Ana Patrícia
Experimental parasitology 2019 pp. 107731
Neospora caninum, adhesion, antiserum, cattle, fluorescent antibody technique, glycoproteins, immune evasion, immunogenicity, parasites, phospholipase C, sequence homology, surface antigens, surface proteins
Neospora caninum is an obligate intracellular parasite related to cases of abortion and fertility impairment in cattle. The control of the parasite still lacks an effective protective strategy and the understanding of key mechanisms for host infection might be crucial for identification of specific targets. There are many proteins related to important mechanisms in the host cell infection cycle such as adhesion, invasion, proliferation and immune evasion. The surface proteins, especially SRS (Surface Antigen Glycoprotein – Related Sequences), have been demonstrated to have a pivotal role in the adhesion and invasion processes, making them potential anti-parasite targets. However, several predicted surface proteins were not described concerning their function and importance in the parasite life cycle. As such, a novel SRS protein, NcSRS57, was described. NcSRS57 antiserum was used to detect SRS proteins by immunofluorescence in parasites treated or not with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC). The treatment with PI-PLC also allowed the identification of NcSRS29B and NcSRS29C, which were the most abundant SRS proteins in the soluble fraction. Our data indicated that SRS proteins in N. caninum shared a high level of sequence similarity and were susceptible to PI-PLC. In addition, the description of the SRS members, regarding abundance, function and immunogenicity will be useful in guiding specific methods to control the mechanism of adhesion and invasion mediated by these surface proteins.