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An excellent heterojunction nanocomposite solar-energy material for photocatalytic transformation of hydrogen sulfide pollutant to hydrogen fuel and elemental sulfur: A mechanistic insight

Author:
Lashgari, Mohsen, Ghanimati, Majid
Source:
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.555 pp. 187-194
ISSN:
0021-9797
Subject:
absorption, acidification, ambient temperature, atmospheric pressure, disulfides, energy, hydrogen, hydrogen fuels, hydrogen sulfide, nanocomposites, oil and gas industry, oxidation, pH, petroleum, photocatalysis, photocatalysts, photons, pollutants, solar energy, sulfur, surface area
Abstract:
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a noxious gas for living organisms and devastating/corrosive agent for metallic structures, which is generated in large scale through natural [geothermal/bacterial] activities or industrial processes, particularly by petroleum and gas industries. Photocatalytic elimination of this plentiful-perilous pollutant and its transformation into hydrogen green fuel and elemental sulfur is a novel/sustainable strategy, which is intriguing from energy and environmental science as well as technological viewpoints. To this end, the design and synthesis of low-price, environmentally friendly, effective photocatalyst/solar-energy materials are highly in demand. Herein, through a facile hydrothermal route, a set of new pn junction xBi2S3·yMnS nanocomposite photocatalysts were synthesized and employed in an alkaline H2S medium (pH = 11) to generate hydrogen fuel and elemental sulfur under atmospheric pressure at room temperature conditions. The maximum conversion yield was attained at the molar ratio xy=2, where the photocatalyst exhibited the lowest charge recombination, strong photon absorption, and the greatest surface area among the synthesized nanocomposite materials. Furthermore, it was witnessed that disulfide (S22-) was the only oxidation product in the reaction medium, which could be effortlessly precipitated as elemental sulfur by acidification of the medium and lowering the pH to about 5.
Agid:
6552315