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Fluctuation of electrode potential based on molecular regulation induced diversity of electrogenesis behavior in multiple equilibrium microbial fuel cell

Yang, Guang, Wang, Jie, Zhang, Hongwei, Jia, Hui, Zhang, Yang, Fang, Hongyan, Gao, Fei, Li, Juan
Chemosphere 2019 pp. 124453
biotransformation, butyric acid, capacitance, electrochemistry, electrodes, electron transfer, energy recovery, isotopes, microbial communities, microbial fuel cells, propionic acid, volatile fatty acids
In this study, the electrogenesis behaviors and mechanisms in multiple equilibrium microbial fuel cells (MEMFCs) which volatile fatty acids as multiple electron donors are investigated. The electrochemical property and energy recovery can be enhanced in propionic acid dominant systems (HPr-D-MEMFCs) which compares to butyric acid dominant systems (HBu-D-MEMFCs), increase power density from 0.04 to 0.43 W/m2 and energy recovery efficiency from 2.07 to 5.44%, respectively. With isotope experiment analysis, the fluctuation of electrode potentials induce diverse electrogenesis pathways that high utilization efficiencies and bioconversion efficiency of hybrid acids observed in HPr-D-MEMFCs which different with HAc-D-MEMFCs and HBu-D-MEMFCs. In addition, the electrochemical and microbial community variation of MEMFCs reveal that the direct interspecies electron transfer stimulated with higher electric double layer capacitance, and activities of exoelectrogens enhanced with high relative abundance in HPr-D-MEMFCs. The findings present an intensive study in electrogenesis, providing a promising way to promote energy recovery and further extend its application value.