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Supported growth of inorganic-organic nanoflowers on 3D hierarchically porous nanofibrous membrane for enhanced enzymatic water treatment
- Luo, Mengying, Li, Mufang, Jiang, Shan, Shao, Hao, Razal, Joselito, Wang, Dong, Fang, Jian
- Journal of hazardous materials 2020 v.381 pp. 120947
- catalytic activity, dyes, enzymes, fabrics, indigo carmine, nanofibers, nanoflowers, wastewater treatment
- Organic-inorganic nanoflower is a new type of functional material that can effectively immobilize a wide range of enzymes to form flower-like structures for various enzymatic applications with enhanced catalytic performance and stability. In order to avoid the processing inconvenience and flower structure damage caused by the particular form of these hybrid nanoflowers during material fabrication and catalytic application, different substrates have been used to carry out supported growth of hybrid nanoflowers. However, all previously used substrates have only 2-dimensional feature and only incorporate hybrid nanoflowers on surface with limited nanoflower loading. In this study, three-dimensional (3D) hierarchically porous nanofibrous PVA-co-PE membranes (HPNM) are prepared by a simple template method for effectively immobilizing laccase-Cu2(PO4)3•3H2O hybrid nanoflowers. Compared with dense nanofibre membrane with only small sized pores (<1 micron), the coexistence of both small and large sized (30–80 microns) pores of HPNM could significantly increase the nanoflower density and allow the penetrated growth of hybrid nanoflowers into the inner structure of the membrane. The hybrid nanoflower containing hierarchically porous nanofibrous membranes (HNF-HPNM) show excellent catalytic performance in degrading different types of textile dyes (reactive blue 2, acid blue 25, acid yellow 76 and indigo carmine), with a degradation efficiency of ˜99.5% for indigo carmine. In addition, the HNF-HPNM could be reused at least 14 times for indigo carmine degradation, with a negligible degradation efficiency drop from 99.48% to 98.52%. These results indicate that hierarchically porous nanofibrous membrane can be a promising type of materials for supported hybrid nanoflower growth for practical applications such as waste water treatment, dye degradation and biosensing.