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Coupling ferrate pretreatment and in-situ ozonation/ceramic membrane filtration for wastewater reclamation: Water quality and membrane fouling
- Liu, Jing, He, Keyou, Zhang, Jiaxing, Li, Chengyue, Zhang, Zhenghua
- Journal of membrane science 2019 v.590 pp. 117310
- artificial membranes, biopolymers, ceramics, cleaning, coagulation, dissolved organic carbon, fouling, microfiltration, molecular weight, oxidation, ozonation, statistical analysis, turbidity, wastewater, water quality, water reuse
- The combined pretreatment of coagulation and ozonation is extensively adopted for water quality enhancement and membrane fouling reduction in wastewater reclamation. Herein, the integrated treatment of ferrate pretreatment and in-situ ozonation/ceramic membrane filtration on water quality improvement and fouling reduction of ceramic membrane in secondary wastewater effluent treatment was reported for the first time. The results showed that the hybrid treatment of ferrate pretreatment and in-situ ozonation greatly inhibited the generation of N-dimethyl nitrosamine (NDMA) and did not generate bromate. Meanwhile, the best removal efficiencies of low molecular weight (MW) organics (32.3%), humic-like substances (17.8%) and biopolymers (87.5%) in effluent were achieved by the combination of ferrate (0.15 mM) pretreatment and in-situ ozonation (10 mg/L). Moreover, the control sample (without any treatment) had a fouling transmembrane pressure (TMP) of 30.5 kPa after 7.0 h filtration under a constant flux of 90 L/(m2·h) while that was only 1.0 kPa by the hybrid treatment of ferrate (0.15 mM) pretreatment and in-situ ozonation (10 mg/L). Soluble microbial products (SMP)-like substances with high molecular weight (MW) of 20–2000 kDa were the main foulants and intermediate-standard fouling mechanism played a principal role during the membrane filtration process. Statistical analysis showed that dissolved organic carbon (DOC), UV254 and protein had the greatest positive correlation (above 0.92) to the total fouling resistance, whilst turbidity displayed the greatest negative correlation (around −0.61) to the total fouling resistance. The remarkable fouling alleviation was due to the improved water quality and in-situ cleaning, which were contributed to the coagulation and oxidation by ferrate and in-situ ozonation.