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A polyol-stevia blended sugar replacer exhibits low glycemic response among human subjects

Ng, Allan W.R., Loh, K.K., Gupta, Neeraj, Narayanan, Kumaran
Clinical nutrition ESPEN 2019 v.33 pp. 39-41
Stevia, beverages, blood, blood glucose, erythritol, glucose, glycemic effect, xylitol
Consumption of sugars in food and beverages has increased at an alarming rate. While excessive daily sugar intake has been well-associated as the onset of medical complications, additional sugars are still used in manufactured food products just to satisfy the consumers' needs. Hence, there is a need to develop sugar replacers that have low glycemic response without compromising the organoleptic characteristics of food products. This study aimed to determine if SUITENA™, a novel sweetener containing erythritol, xylitol, and Stevia, has low glycemic response upon consumption by human subjects.Six human subjects were randomly chosen and were healthy at the point of experimentation. Capillary blood was collected via finger-prick method to monitor the glycemic response of every individual for 90 min after ingestion of sugar solution.It was found that the mean area under the curve (AUC) of the dextrose standard was 11.8-fold higher (p < 0.05) than the AUC of SUITENA™. SUITENA™ was not able to increase blood glucose level for up to 90 min while a spike in blood glucose level was observed from 15 min post-consumption of dextrose solution. We found that SUITENA™ has elicited a glycemic response 8% relative to the standard. Such low glycemic response has been reported by studies on other novel sugars.This preliminary finding suggested that SUITENA™ is a healthier alternative to fast sugars due to its low glycemic response. A larger sampling size is required to confirm the results.