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Analysis of Pyricularia oryzae and P. grisea from Different Hosts Based on Multilocus Phylogeny and Pathogenicity Associated with Host Preference in China

Qi, Hexing, Yang, Jun, Yin, Changfa, Zhao, Jian, Ren, Xianxian, Jia, Shishuang, Zhang, Guozhen
Phytopathology 2019 v.109 no.8 pp. 1433-1440
Magnaporthe grisea, Magnaporthe oryzae, Setaria italica, Setaria viridis, blast disease, geese, grasses, host preferences, hosts, millets, pathogenicity, phylogeny, rice, China
Pyricularia oryzae and P. grisea are important agents of major diseases on a wide range of gramineous hosts. Whereas P. oryzae is the most important pathogen causing outbreaks of rice blast, P. grisea is mainly a pathogen of crabgrass. In this study, 103 P. oryzae and 20 P. grisea isolates were collected from seven species of plants, and we analyzed their phylogeny, pathogenicity, and relationship with host preferences to investigate the differences among them from different hosts. Based on phylogenetic analysis of multilocus sequences, 16 isolates from crabgrass and four isolates from green bristlegrass were identified as P. grisea and another 103 isolates from crabgrass, green bristlegrass, goose grass, foxtail millet, wild millet, rice, and sedge belonged to P. oryzae. Results of pathogenicity tests by artificial inoculation demonstrated that six of 10 P. oryzae isolates from rice and three of 44 P. oryzae isolates from green bristlegrass showed cross-infectivity on green bristlegrass and rice, respectively. Taken together, our results demonstrated that isolates from green bristlegrass and crabgrass consist of both P. oryzae and P. grisea and that P. oryzae isolates showed cross-infectivity between rice and green bristlegrass, suggesting that host shifts may occur for P. oryzae and P. grisea.