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Herbicide Metabolism: Crop Selectivity, Bioactivation, Weed Resistance, and Regulation

Nandula, Vijay K., Riechers, Dean E., Ferhatoglu, Yurdagul, Barrett, Michael, Duke, Stephen O., Dayan, Franck E., Goldberg-Cavalleri, Alina, Tétard-Jones, Catherine, Wortley, David J., Onkokesung, Nawaporn, Brazier-Hicks, Melissa, Edwards, Robert, Gaines, Todd, Iwakami, Satoshi, Jugulam, Mithila, Ma, Rong
Weed science 2019 v.67 no.2 pp. 149-175
broadleaf weeds, catalytic activity, clomazone, crops, cytochrome P-450, glutathione transferase, glyphosate, grasses, metabolism, resistance mechanisms
Several grass and broadleaf weed species around the world have evolved multiple-herbicide resistance at alarmingly increasing rates. Research on the biochemical and molecular resistance mechanisms of multiple-resistant weed populations indicate a prevalence of herbicide metabolism catalyzed by enzyme systems such as cytochrome P450 monooxygenases and glutathione S-transferases and, to a lesser extent, by glucosyl transferases. A symposium was conducted to gain an understanding of the current state of research on metabolic resistance mechanisms in weed species that pose major management problems around the world. These topics, as well as future directions of investigations that were identified in the symposium, are summarized herein. In addition, the latest information on selected topics such as the role of safeners in inducing crop tolerance to herbicides, selectivity to clomazone, glyphosate metabolism in crops and weeds, and bioactivation of natural molecules is reviewed.