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Utilizing nanoparticles for improving anti-biofilm effects of azithromycin: A head-to-head comparison of modified hyaluronic acid nanogels and coated poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles

Kłodzińska, Sylvia N., Wan, Feng, Jumaa, Haidar, Sternberg, Claus, Rades, Thomas, Nielsen, Hanne M.
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.555 pp. 595-606
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, antimicrobial properties, azithromycin, bacteria, bacterial motility, biofilm, cytotoxicity, drugs, encapsulation, epithelial cells, eukaryotic cells, hepatocytes, hyaluronic acid, lungs, molecular weight, mucins, nanoparticles, pathogens, polyethylene glycol, virulence
The widespread resistance of bacteria to traditional antibiotic treatments has expedited the search for novel therapies against these pathogens. The hypothesis of this work is that two distinctively different polymeric delivery systems, specifically D-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS)-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles and octenyl succinic anhydride-modified low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (OSA-HA) nanogels may be used to substantially improve the properties of azithromycin, allowing its use for effective treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm infections.Azithromycin was encapsulated in both delivery systems and the physicochemical properties of the loaded delivery systems, including size, surface charge and drug loading were evaluated. Additionally, particle interaction with a mucin layer, penetration into a bacterial biofilm, prevention of biofilm formation and eradication of pre-formed biofilms, the influence on production of virulence factors and bacterial motility as well as cytotoxicity towards hepatocytes and lung epithelial cells were compared head-to-head.The TPGS-PLGA nanoparticles noticeably improved the antimicrobial activity and the biofilm prevention activity of azithromycin whereas the OSA-HA nanogels showed reduced mucin interactions together with improved reduction of pre-formed biofilms and maintained the low eukaryotic cell cytotoxicity of azithromycin.