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Effect of cadmium on the roots of beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.)

Spiridonova, Ekaterina, Ozolina, Natalia, Nesterkina, Irina, Gurina, Veronika, Nurminsky, Vadim, Donskaya, Lyudmila, Tretyakova, Anastasia
International journal of phytoremediation 2019 v.21 no.10 pp. 980-984
Beta vulgaris, H-transporting ATP synthase, beets, cadmium, cell membranes, enzyme activity, fatty acid composition, heavy metals, lipids, models, oxidation, permeability, phytoremediation, proton pump, pumps, roots, tissues, vacuoles
The article dwells upon identifying the effect of cadmium on the roots of beetroot. The exposure effects of various concentrations of cadmium were studied at different levels of the plant organization (tissue pieces, organelles, membrane vesicles). The effect was noted only at a concentration of 100 μm. The negative effect of cadmium on the roots tissues of beetroot appeared with an increase in permeability and a decrease in the stability of cell membranes due to a change in the composition of fatty acids of membrane lipids and an increase in oxidation processes. The effect of cadmium in model experiments on the activity of the proton pumps of the vacuolar membrane has been evaluated. The pumps provide for the transport of heavy metals into the vacuole, which is one of the effective mechanisms for phytoremediation. The influence of cadmium in model experiments on the activity of the proton pump of a vacuolar membrane was evaluated. Under the influence of cadmium, a decrease in the activity of V-ATPase was observed, while the activity of V-PPase did not change. The results obtained complement our understanding of the damaging effects that occur in plant cells under cadmium stress.