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Highly efficient cobalt nanoparticles anchored porous N-doped carbon nanosheets electrocatalysts for Li-O2 batteries
- Zhai, Yanjie, Wang, Jun, Gao, Qiang, Fan, Yuqi, Hou, Chuanxin, Hou, Yue, Liu, Hu, Shao, Qian, Wu, Shide, Zhao, Lanling, Ding, Tao, Dang, Feng, Guo, Zhanhu
- Journal of catalysis 2019 v.377 pp. 534-542
- binding capacity, carbon, catalysts, catalytic activity, cathodes, cobalt, electrochemistry, lithium batteries, models, nanoparticles, nanosheets, pyrolysis
- Cobalt (Co) nanoparticles anchored porous N-doped carbon nanosheets (Co@PNCS) were fabricated using a facile one-pot pyrolysis route and tested as high-performance cathode catalysts for Li-O2 batteries. The hierarchical structure was made of cobalt nanoparticles distributed in the crumpled porous carbon nanosheets. Uniformly distributed and exposed cobalt nanoparticles in the PNCS exhibited a higher electrocatalytic activity compared to Co nanoparticles anchored nitrogen-carbon materials (Co-N-C). Density function theory (DFT) calculations based on the interfacial model demonstrated that the active Co sites exhibited a more stable binding ability to discharge Li2O2 products than that of the active N sites, and Li2O2 could be reversibly formed and decomposed during cycling. Owing to optimal loadings of Co nanoparticles (16.03 wt%), the Co@PNCS-2 cathode exhibited a high specific capacity of 11,329 mAh g−1 and extended cycling life of 120 cycles, highlighting the great potential as cathode catalysts for Li-O2 batteries.