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Gastric environment-stable oral nanocarriers for in situ colorectal cancer therapy

Wang, Ting, Wang, Fangqin, Sun, Mengjie, Tian, Meiping, Mu, Yuzhi, Chen, Xiguang, Liu, Ya
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.139 pp. 1035-1045
absorption, chitosan, colorectal neoplasms, curcumin, deoxycholic acid, drugs, intestines, nanocarriers, nanoparticles, oral administration, pH, permeability, shrinkage, temperature
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a prevalent and fatal cancer. Oral administration provided the potential for in situ treatment of the colorectal cancer. However, drugs couldn't be well-absorbed mainly due to its degradation in the gastric area and poor intestinal permeability. In this study, we synthesized deoxycholic acid and hydroxybutyl decorated chitosan nanoparticles (DAHBC NPs) as oral curcumin (CUR) delivery system for colorectal cancer treatment. DAHBC with lower critical solution temperature (LCST) below 37 °C (27–33 °C) was obtained. DAHBC NPs were correspondingly stable in simulated gastric conditions (pH 1.2, 37 °C), due to the offset of size change between pH-responsive expansion and thermo-responsive shrinkage. In simulated intestinal tract (pH 7.0–7.4, 37 °C), DAHBC NPs exhibited burst release of CUR owing to the onefold effect of thermo-responsive shrinkage. DAHBC27 NPs showed the minimum CUR leakage (~10%) in simulated gastric conditions, because a furthest temperature-sensitive shrinkage caused by the lowest LCST offset the expansion in acid environment. DAHBC27 NPs induced ~10-fold increased (P < 0.05) CUR absorption by paracellular transport pathway, compared to the free CUR. Thus, DAHBC NPs stabilized in the gastric environment may be a promising oral drugs delivery system for effective in situ colorectal cancer therapy.