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Biofunctions of antimicrobial peptide-conjugated alginate/hyaluronic acid/collagen wound dressings promote wound healing of a mixed-bacteria-infected wound

Zefeng Lin, Tingting Wu, Wanshun Wang, Binglin Li, Ming Wang, Lingling Chen, Hong Xia, Tao Zhang
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.140 pp. 330-342
Escherichia coli, alginates, angiogenesis, antibiotic resistance, antibiotics, antimicrobial peptides, antimicrobial properties, biodegradability, collagen, drugs, fibroblasts, hyaluronic acid, mechanical properties, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, porosity, silver, tissue repair
The increase in severe infections caused by antibiotic drug resistance and the decrease in the number of new antibacterial drugs approved for use in the last few decades are driving the need for the development of new antimicrobial strategies. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a potential new class of antimicrobial drugs that are expected to solve the problem of global antibiotic drug resistance. Herein, the AMP Tet213 was immobilised onto the substrates of alginate (ALG), hyaluronic acid (HA), and collagen (COL) to form the ALG/HA/COL-AMP wound dressing. This wound dressing exhibited a high degree of swelling and the appropriate porosity, mechanical properties, and biodegradability. The Tet213-immobilised ALG/HA/COL dressings exhibited antimicrobial activity against three pathogenic bacterial strains (Gram-negative E. coli and Gram-positive MRSA and S. aureus) and facilitated the proliferation of NIH 3T3 fibroblast cells. In addition, the ALG/HA/COL-AMP antimicrobial dressings promoted wound healing, re-epithelialisation, collagen deposition, and angiogenesis. Moreover, the wound-healing effects of ALG/HA/COL-AMP surpassed the gauze and ALG/HA/COL compared to commercially available silver-based dressings (Aguacel Ag). These results suggest that the Tet213-conjugated ALG/HA/COL wound dressing, with its multiple biological activities, is a promising wound-dressing material.