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Noncovalent interactions of bovine trypsin with curcumin and effect on stability, structure, and function

Rajabi, Mina, Farhadian, Sadegh, Shareghi, Behzad, Asgharzadeh, Sanaz, Momeni, Lida
Colloids and surfaces 2019
absorbance, binding sites, cattle, circular dichroism spectroscopy, computer simulation, curcumin, denaturation, fluorescence, hydrogen bonding, ligands, pH, temperature, thermodynamics, trypsin, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, van der Waals forces
The structural studies of trypsin with curcumin in Tris-hydrochloride (Tris-HCl) buffer solution (pH 8.0) was explored by UV-vis spectroscopic and fluorescence quenching method, kinetic reaction, circular dichroism (CD), Thermal denaturation, molecular docking, and molecular dynamic simulation. The curcumin could decrease trypsin absorbance. It was showed that curcumin could quench the fluorescence of trypsin by static quenching mechanism. This is in agreement with UV-visible results and CD studies in which the α-helix becomes more, and β-sheet becomes less than trypsin without ligand. The binding constant, the number of binding sites and thermodynamic parameters (ΔH°, ΔS°, and ΔG°) at two temperatures were calculated. The hydrogen bond and Van der Waals interaction were found as the main forces, which is in congruence with docking results. The outcome of the kinetic reaction indicates an uncompetitive inhibition by curcumin on trypsin. Molecular Dynamic simulation and Thermal denaturation results demonstrate that curcumin makes trypsin unstable and more flexible.