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In-vitro photothermal therapy using plant extract polyphenols functionalized graphene sheets for treatment of lung cancer

Wang, Xiangyun, Chen, Yang, Fang, Zheng
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology 2019
Memecylon edule, cytotoxicity, graphene, graphene oxide, irradiation, leaf extracts, lung neoplasms, nanosheets, near infrared radiation, neoplasm cells, oxidation, oxygen, phenol, photothermotherapy, polyphenols, reducing agents
Although the photothermal therapy (PTT) has achieved tremendous progress in the recent times, still it has to improve an extensive way to achieve the efficient targeted photothermal removal of the tumor cells. Owing to this requirement, we demonstrated a novel class of reduced graphene oxide based photothermal therapeutic agent for the ablation of lung cancer cells (A549). A single step bio facile fabrication of graphene nanosheets using Memecylon edule leaf extract intermediated reduction of Graphene Oxide (GO). This process does not include the utilization of any toxic or harmful reducing agents. The relative results of different characterizations of graphene oxide and Memecylon edule leaf extract RGO delivers a potential representation by excluding the groups containing oxygen from GO and consecutive stabilization of the developed RGO. The reduced GO functionalization with the oxidized polyphenols results in their stability by avoiding the aggregation. The poly phenol anchored Reduced Graphene Oxide (RGO) exhibited exceptional near-infrared (NIR) irradiation of the lung cancer cells directed in vitro to deliver cytotoxicity. In an area of restricted success in the treatment of cancer, the results of our translation can provide a path for designing targeted PTT agents and also responds to stimulus environment for the safe ablation of the devastating disease.