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Multi-host disease management: the why and the how to include wildlife

Author:
Portier, Julien, Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre, Hutchings, Mike R., Monchâtre-Leroy, Elodie, Richomme, Céline, Larrat, Sylvain, van der Poel, Wim H. M., Dominguez, Morgane, Linden, Annick, Santos, Patricia Tavares, Warns-Petit, Eva, Chollet, Jean-Yves, Cavalerie, Lisa, Grandmontagne, Claude, Boadella, Mariana, Bonbon, Etienne, Artois, Marc
Source:
BMC veterinary research 2019 v.15 no.1 pp. 295
ISSN:
1746-6148
Subject:
animal health, decision making, disease control, disease outbreaks, experts, guidelines, monitoring, pathogens, wild animals, wildlife, wildlife diseases
Abstract:
In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack of guidelines for mitigating these diseases within wild animal populations partially explain why the outbreaks are particularly challenging. To face these challenges, the French Ministry of Agriculture launched a multi-disciplinary group of experts that set out to discuss the main wildlife specific concepts in the management of MHP disease outbreaks and how to integrate wildlife in the disease management process.This position paper structures the primary specific concepts of wildlife disease management, as identified by the working group. It is designed to lay out these concepts for a wide audience of public and/or animal health officers who are not necessarily familiar with wildlife diseases. The group’s discussions generated a possible roadmap for the management of MHP diseases. This roadmap is presented as a cycle for which the main successive step are: step 1-descriptive studies and monitoring; step 2-risk assessment; step 3-management goals; step 4-management actions and step 5-assessment of the management plan. In order to help choose the most adapted management actions for all involved epidemiological units, we integrated a decision-making framework (presented as a spreadsheet). This tool and the corresponding guidelines for disease management are designed to be used by public and health authorities when facing MHP disease outbreaks. These proposals are meant as an initial step towards a harmonized transboundary outbreak response framework that integrates current scientific understanding adapted to practical intervention.
Agid:
6579739