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Energy content of select dietary supplemental lipids for broilers, turkeys, and laying hens

Ganapathi R. Murugesan, Brian J. Kerr, Michael E. Persia
Journal of applied poultry research 2017 v.26 no.4 pp. 536-547
acclimation, broiler chickens, broiler feeding, corn oil, energy, energy content, excreta, excretion, experimental diets, fatty acid composition, free fatty acids, iodine value, laying hens, mixing, monounsaturated fatty acids, nitrogen, polyunsaturated fatty acids, regression analysis, saturated fatty acids, soybean oil, titanium dioxide, turkey feeding, turkeys
Energy is an expensive component of poultry diets with lipids providing a concentrated energy source to meet these needs. Three separate experiments with broilers (15 d of age), turkeys (15 d of age) and laying hens (60 wk of age) were conducted to determine the AMEₙ content of 10 lipids with varying fatty acid and free fatty acid concentrations and to compare these values to predicted values based on previously published equations. A corn-soybean meal (broilers and turkeys) or corn-soybean meal-distillers dried grains with solubles (layers) control diet was formulated with test diets created by mixing the control diet with 0, 3, 6, or 9% (broilers and turkeys) or 0, 2, 4, and 6% (laying hens) lipid. Experimental diets were fed over a 5-d acclimation period followed by a 48 h total excretion collection period with AMEₙ of the diets calculated based upon the GE, nitrogen, and titanium dioxide in the feed and excreta samples. The pen-mean AMEₙ of each diet was regressed on percentage lipid inclusion level using linear regression with the slope of the line representing the AMEₙ of each lipid source. As expected, the AMEₙ values varied widely among lipid sources and species, with broilers having a greater AME compared to turkeys and layers. In general, saturated fatty acids (C14:0, C16:0, and C18:0) were negatively correlated to AMEₙ while unsaturated fatty acids (namely C18:2) were positively correlated to AMEₙ. Consequently, the unsaturated: saturated ratio, the polyunsaturated fatty acids: saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids ratio, and iodine value tended to be positively related to AMEₙ. Compared to broilers and turkeys that were able to efficiently utilize energy from corn oil (purified and crude DDGS corn oil) relative to soybean oil, laying hen AMEₙ values for corn oils were reduced in comparison to soybean oil. These data indicate that energy values of lipid differ widely due to source and appear to differ relative to a particular species.