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Classification, extraction and current analytical approaches for detection of pesticides in various food products

Nurul Shaeera Sulaiman, Kobun Rovina, Vonnie Merillyn Joseph
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit 2019 v.14 no.3 pp. 209-221
analytical methods, chemical compounds, developing countries, energy costs, food matrix, food safety, foods, pest control, pesticide residues, pesticides, pollution
In recent years, food safety and environmental concerns became a significant issue, especially in developing countries. Pesticides have been applied broadly in agriculture to enhance the production and quality of the agricultural products and in order to decrease the energy cost. Pesticides are non-biodegradable chemical compounds and commonly used in agriculture for pest control and to increase yield production. However, excessive usage of pesticides may cause severe health problems as well as environmental pollution, even at low concentrations. Hence, a lot of research is focused on methods to determine the presence of pesticides in different food matrices. It is imperative to develop sensitive detection methods for reliable quantification of the presence of pesticides. This review critically emphasizes recent literature from 2015 to 2019 and an up-to-date overview of analytical methods as well as extraction methods to detect pesticide residues in various food samples.