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Association and predatory capacity of fungi Pochonia chlamydosporia and Arthrobotrys cladodes in the biological control of parasitic helminths of bovines

Author:
Vieira, Ítalo Stoupa, Oliveira, Isabela de Castro, Campos, Artur Kanadani, Araújo, Jackson Victor de
Source:
Parasitology 2019 v.146 no.10 pp. 1347-1351
ISSN:
1469-8161
Subject:
Arthrobotrys, Nematoda, Pochonia chlamydosporia, antibiosis, biological control, cattle, cladodes, helminths, laboratory experimentation, larvae, metabolites, nematicidal properties, nematophagous fungi, ovicides, plants (botany), predation, viability
Abstract:
Nematophagous fungi are used in the biological control of the parasitic helminths of animals and plants. The association of ovicidal and predator nematophagous fungi may present a complementary and increased action on the biological control of helminths. Joint growth compatibility and predation tests were carried out on infective larvae of nematode parasites of bovines with the nematophagous fungus ovicide Pochonia chlamydosporia and the nematophagous fungus predator Arthrobotrys cladodes. The tests of antagonism in direct confrontation, antibiosis and the effect of volatile metabolites between the isolates of P. chlamydosporia and A. cladodes indicated the viability of joint growth of these fungi. The association of the fungi P. chlamydosporia and A. cladodes presented a higher predatory capacity of infective larvae of the parasitic nematodes of bovines when compared to the predation of the fungi used alone. Therefore, under laboratory conditions, the fungi studied presented growth compatibility and the association of these increased the nematicidal activity against parasitic helminths of cattle.
Agid:
6604280