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Effects of temperature, dissolved oxygen, and substrate on the development of metabolic phenotypes in age-0 lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens): implications for overwintering survival

Yoon, Gwangseok R., Deslauriers, David, Enders, Eva C., Treberg, Jason R., Anderson, W. Gary
Canadian journal of fisheries and aquatic sciences 2019 v.76 no.9 pp. 1596-1607
Acipenser fulvescens, adenosine triphosphate, autumn, condition factor, dissolved oxygen, energy density, enzyme activity, germ cells, hepatosomatic index, life history, metabolism, overwintering, oxygen, phenotype, rearing, sturgeon, survival rate, temperature
The impact of early rearing environment on phenotypic development in teleosts has been reasonably well-documented, but only recently has attention been paid to sturgeon raised for conservation purposes. In the present study, we hypothesized that rearing environment will result in the development of distinct metabolic phenotypes in age-0 lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) and that these phenotypes will drive differential survival rates during a simulated overwintering event. Lake sturgeon gametes were fertilized and raised in one of three different environments: 16 °C + 100% dissolved oxygen (DO), 14 °C + 100% DO, and 16 °C + 80% DO, each with or without substrate. We measured standard metabolic rate, forced maximum metabolic rate, metabolic scope, energy density, hepatosomatic index, Fulton’s condition factor, and enzyme activities associated with ATP production. Our results suggest that subtle changes in abiotic environments during early life history result in the development of distinct metabolic phenotypes during the first year of life. These have important implications for survival of age-0 lake sturgeon when stocked in the fall of their first year.