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Lateral Flow Immunoassay Based on Polydopamine-Coated Gold Nanoparticles for the Sensitive Detection of Zearalenone in Maize

Xu, Shaolan, Zhang, Ganggang, Fang, Bolong, Xiong, Qirong, Duan, Hongwei, Lai, Weihua
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.34 pp. 31283-31290
coatings, color, corn, detection limit, dopamine, gold, high performance liquid chromatography, immunoassays, monoclonal antibodies, nanogold, zearalenone
In this work, polydopamine-coated gold nanoparticles (Au@PDAs) were synthesized by the oxidative self-polymerization of dopamine (DA) on the surface of AuNPs and applied for the first time as a signal-amplification label in lateral flow immunoassays (LFIAs) for the sensitive detection of zearalenone (ZEN) in maize. The PDA layer functioned as a linker between AuNPs and anti-ZEN monoclonal antibody (mAb) to form a probe (Au@PDA-mAb). Compared with AuNPs, Au@PDA had excellent color intensity, colloidal stability, and mAb coupling efficiency. The limit of detection of the Au@PDA-based LFIA (Au@PDA-LFIA) was 7.4 pg/mL, which was 10-fold lower than that of the traditional AuNP-based LFIA (AuNP-LFIA) (76.1 pg/mL). The recoveries of Au@PDA-LFIA were 93.80–111.82%, with the coefficient of variation of 1.08–9.04%. In addition, the reliability of Au@PDA-LFIA was further confirmed by the high-performance liquid chromatography method. Overall, our study showed that PDA coating can chemically modify the surface of AuNPs through a simple method and can thus significantly improve the detection sensitivity of LFIA.