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Degradation of methylene blue by dielectric barrier discharge plasma coupled with activated carbon supported on polyurethane foam
- Wu, Lihang, Xie, Qinglong, Lv, Yongbo, Zhang, Zhiyong, Wu, Zhenyu, Liang, Xiaojiang, Lu, Meizhen, Nie, Yong
- RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.45 pp. 25967-25975
- activated carbon, adsorption, chemical oxygen demand, energy efficiency, foams, glass, methylene blue, pollutants, polyurethanes, porous media, synergism
- The degradation of methylene blue (MB) using a novel dielectric barrier discharge plasma reactor coupled with activated carbon supported polyurethane foam (AC/PUF) was investigated in this paper. The plasma reactor combining a glass bead-packed bed and a microporous plate was developed. The AC/PUF provided sufficient contact area between carbon media and pollutants and hence revealed a good MB removal capacity. The effects of input voltage and initial MB solution concentration on MB degradation efficiency were examined. Kinetic study indicated that plasma and AC/PUF in the coupled system had a good synergistic effect in MB degradation. The degradation efficiency of 100 ppm MB solution could reach 97.9% with 10 min treatment in the coupled system, which was close to that obtained by plasma treatment alone for 30 min (97.5%). The COD removal in the plasma and AC/PUF coupled system (90.7%) was much higher than that obtained by plasma treatment followed by AC/PUF adsorption (58.3%). In addition, the energy yield (G₅₀) of the coupled system was up to 38.3 g kW⁻¹ h⁻¹, suggesting great energy efficiency of the system. Moreover, repeated use experiments of AC/PUF showed the good utilization potential of the coupled system. Finally, a possible degradation pathway of MB was proposed.