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Effects of fertilizer types and water quality on carbon dioxide emissions from soil in wheat-maize rotations

Chi, Yanbing, Yang, Peiling, Ren, Shumei, Ma, Ning, Yang, Jing, Xu, Yao
The Science of the total environment 2019
carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide production, corn, fertilizer application, grain yield, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, groundwater, irrigation water, mineral fertilizers, slow-release fertilizers, soil properties, urea, wastewater treatment, water quality, wheat
The use of fertilizers as addition inputs in agricultural systems can increase the yield of wheat and maize, while also stimulating the emission of carbon dioxide from soil that the main man-made greenhouse gas. Our objectives focused on the impact of different types of synthetic fertilizers and water quality. The purposes were to determine the feasibility of using wasted water for irrigation and to relate CO2 fluxes to the yield of maize and wheat, as well as to select the best fertilizer type with low CO2 emission and high yield. The experiment consisted of a double factors test focusing on four forms of fertilizer (urea, amine and slow release fertilizer) and the quality of water (reclaimed water and underground water). The results showed that the reclaimed water was not significant on the CO2 discharge rate, the maize-wheat yield or the soil properties in 2014 or 2015; however, the CO2 emission increased slightly in 2015. Focusing on fertilizer treatments, the reclaimed water & amine fertilizer treatment (CAF) that had higher cumulative CO2 emissions was 32.75 t·ha−1 in 2014 and 33.86 t·ha−1 in 2015. According to the ratio CO2/Y, the slow released fertilizer that reduces CO2 emissions and keeps the yield high is the preferred choice.