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Efficient Nonhalogenated Solvent-Processed Ternary All-Polymer Solar Cells with a Favorable Morphology Enabled by Two Well-Compatible Donors
- Zhang, Qiang, Chen, Zhenyu, Ma, Wei, Xie, Zhiyuan, Liu, Jiangang, Yu, Xinhong, Han, Yanchun
- ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.35 pp. 32200-32208
- absorption, chemical interactions, crystallization, methyl ethers, photons, polymers, separation, solar cells, solar radiation, solvents
- The rational design of the morphology of ternary all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs) having broadened photon harvesting is crucial to achieve high device performance. However, multicomponent blends often illustrated an unfavorable morphology such as large-sized phase separation due to their complicated interaction. Herein, we proposed to solve these problems by employing two donors with good miscibility (J51 and PTB7-Th), which also have similar compatibility with the acceptor (N2200). The resultant ternary blend films of J51:PTB7-Th:N2200 feature a uniform phase separation morphology due to the reduced competitive effect of intermolecular interactions. As an additional polymer donor, PTB7-Th could not only enhance the absorption of the binary blend but also act as a crystallization regulator to boost the face-on orientation in ternary blends. Accordingly, the J51:PTB7-Th:N2200 ternary blends exhibited improved sunlight absorption and higher and well-balanced carrier mobility accompanied by enhanced carrier extraction. With the nonhalogenated cyclopentyl methyl ether as the processing solvent, the ternary all-PSCs showed outstanding power conversion efficiency (PCE) higher than 9% when varying the PTB7-Th weight ratio in donors from 20 to 50%. Due to the PTB7-Th content holding a 30% weight ratio in donors, the ternary all-PSCs demonstrated the optimal PCE of 9.60%, which perform better than those of binary all-PSCs (PCE = 7.58 or 5.63%).